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Treatment of diseases of the eyelids, correction and adjustment of eyelids forms with medical and cosmetic purpose

The eyelids are not only an essential anatomical and functional component of the auxiliary apparatus of the eye, but also "framed mirror of our soul", so performing surgery on them is possible both with therapeutic and with cosmetic purposes.

For our specialists is available a wide range of techniques aimed at eliminating the pathological changes of eyelids:

  • Treatment of trichiasis (abnormal growth of eyelashes that causes irritation of the eyes, can lead to serious inflammation) - hair removal, cryotherapy, electrolisis.

  • Distichiasis (second row of eyelashes growing toward the mucous membrane of the eye, causing her irritation) - surgical excision and cryotherapy.

  • Chalazion (chronic non-infectious inflammation caused by blockage of the sebaceous glands in the eyelid) - surgical removal, the introduction of steroids.

  • Xanthelasma (deposition of adipose tissue under the skin of eyelid) - surgical removal, destruction or dioxi carbon or argon laser.

  • Ectropion (chronic lower eyelid inversion leading to drying of the mucous membrane of the eye and the development of inflammatory diseases) - surgical treatment.

  • Entropion (inversion of the lower eyelid resulting in irritation and trauma of the mucous membranes and cornea) - the introduction of drugs that weaken traction of eyelid, surgical treatment.

Types of cosmetic surgery on the lower and upper eyelids, carried out by our experts: 

  • Lower eyelid blepharoplasty.
  • Upper Eyelid Blepharoplasty.
  • Circle blepharoplasty (upper and lower eyelids).
  • Transconjunctival blepharoplasty (lower eyelids).

Indications:

Blepharoplasty of lower and upper eyelids is performed in the case of:

  • excess skin on the upper and lower eyelids (overhanging);
  • protrusion of "fat" on the upper and lower eyelids ("fatty bags of eyelids");
  • wrinkles in the lower eyelids;
  • falling down lower corners of the eyes;
  • deep wrinkles in the lower eyelid and in the corners of the eyes;
  • a desire to change the form or shape of the eyes (for patients with Asian eyes).

Transconjunctival blepharoplasty is indicated at the congenital bags under the eyes, which are not related to age-related changes (common in younger patients).

Contraindications:

  • increased blood and intraocular pressure;
  • dry Eyes;
  • diseases of the thyroid gland (Graves' disease);
  • diseases of the cardiovascular system, and others. Severe diseases of internal organs;
  • diabetes;
  • oncological diseases;
  • a bleeding disorder;
  • pregnancy, lactation.

Early post-operative recovery period after blepharoplasty

The period of rehabilitation at a standard blepharoplasty is 10-14 days. In some cases, in the postoperative period bruising are marked in the area of intervention, which conserve up to 2 weeks. Also, after surgery tissue swelling and bruising are saved that gradually disappear within 2-3 weeks. During the first 3 days it is recommended to use eye drops. Sutures are removed on the 3rd, sometimes 5-7 days. The most common complication after blepharoplasty is bleeding, which can occur in a few days and a few hours after the operation. So often these operations are carried out on an outpatient basis. During the first month heavy loads are recommended that can lead to additional bleeding due to a rise in blood pressure (including - hot showers, active exercise, heavy lifting, etc.). During the first 2-4 months the correct water-salt regime must be followed. All drug treatments should only be performed in consultation with your doctor.

Early post-operative recovery period after transconjunctival blepharoplasty

Due to specific of access and minimal traumacity of operation, recovery period is only 7-10 days. At this time, there may be postoperative swelling of eyes, discomfort and eye irritation remaining after surgery sutures. Also after surgical treatment bruises sometimes persist up to 10 days. Sutures are removed on day 2-6. On day 7, after transconjunctival blepharoplasty you can go to work, and on 8-9 days is possible use a hypoallergenic make-up, until 21st day is not recommended to use contact lenses.

During the first week intensive loads are not recommended (weight lifting, active exercise), as well as reading books and watching television. Within 14 days you must avoid sun tanning or in the solarium. Within a month, to avoid Strong hot showers, steam baths, saunas and swimming pools. Within three months, you need to use sunglasses to protect the eyes from ultraviolet radiation.


Hospitals

The 10th Minsk City Clinical Hospital