Rehabilitation of patients with neuropathology
A rehabilitation program for patients with neurology pathology (radiculitis, disorders of peripheral nerves) requires special attention, because consequences of these diseases may be the following ones:
- problems of free movement,
- inability to grip,
- many patients can develop speech disabilities.
Such consequences may occur also after earlier cerebral and cerebrovascular accidents.
Main rehabilitation procedures aim at the following:
- lowering of the intensity of these manifestations,
- reducement of disease progression,
- reduction of the frequency of particular complications,
- increase of exercise tolerance,
- life quality improvement.
A rehabilitation program is worked out for every patient, who suffers from neurological pathology. In this respect the main rehabilitation method is application of exercise therapy with mechanotherapy.
Every exercise, selected individually for each patient and done with the help of training devices, helps to relax the muscles with spasms, raise the number of movements in joints and spine, improve coordination. Speech correction is carried out with the help of an experienced logopedist.
A special massage (point massage, lymph drainage massage, segmental massage, massage of extremities) will help to reduce the intensity of pain syndrome. Besides, it improves lymph- and blood circulation in organism, reduces limitations of limb motions, muscle spasticity.
Hardware physical therapy is an integral part of patients’ rehabilitation with this pathology, as it helps to:
- improve vascular supply of brain tissues,
- lower trophic disorders,
- normalize muscle tonus,
- enhance anti-inflammatory and antiedemic effect of drugs,
- reduce formation of adhesions.
The most effective and frequently used kinds of physical therapy procedures are the following ones:
- electro stimulation,
- therapy by impulse current,
- irradiation by infra-red rays,
- ultratone therapy,
- balneotherapy and mudtherapy.
For the restoration of self-care skills, personal care skills, a special method of ergotherapy is applied which includes the following:
- sensory-motor training,
- sensitivity training,
- training of fine motor skills,
- training of moving.
Individual methods of work by psychotherapist and psychologist will help to reduce anxiety, self-doubt, help to make the patients hope for recovery and positive attitude to further life.
Qualified specialists working in the field of motor rehabilitation (instructors, methodists of therapy exercise) will help to restore the lowered self-care skills, to choose technical means of rehabilitation (a cane, crutches etc.) and to help patients to use them.
Constant diagnostic researches will help to evaluate the dynamics of patient’s recovery. Electroneuromyographic and stabilometer researches by the method of induced potentials are very actual at these kinds of disorders.
After dismissal from a rehabilitation center physicians give recommendations about a phased rehabilitation which should be carried out at home, that will help a patient to go back to a regular and active life.
The cost of living with meals depends on the type of accommodation and varies from 27 to 35 USD dollars per day. Diagnostic procedures, medicamentous therapy, physiotherapeutic treatment and consultations with specialist physicians are paid additionally.